Tuesday, July 12, 2016

The origin of Hashemite clan

Prophet Muhammad was born into a lesser clan of Quraysh tribe, the Banu Hashim or Hashemite clan.  The Hashemite clan taking their name from the great-grandfather of Muhammad, Hashim ibn Abd Al.Manaf, who lived in the Arabian city of Mecca during the late fifth and early sixth centuries.

Hashim ibn Abd Al.Manaf was one of Quraysh’s most distinguished, honorable and influential men.

Arab tradition relates that Hashim, brought some bread back from a trading trip, crushed it for his tribe, and thereafter was called Al-Hashim (the Crusher).

Starting in 1201, a Hashemite was always the Sharif of Mecca. That meant he was responsible for the administration of the cities of Mecca and Medina, the tow holiest sites in their religion of Islam.

For centuries they rule over Mecca but were subordinate to greater power, be it the Mamluks of Egypt or the Ottoman Empire.

The last Sharif was Hussein bin Ali. He began the Great Arab Revolt in 1916 in an effort to establish a free Arab state, though he was too old to take a direct role in fighting. His son Abdullah finally won Jordan’s independence in 1946 and ruled as King Abdullah I. Abdullah’s grandson, Hussein, is known as the father of modern Jordan.
The origin of Hashemite clan

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